World it came to range because of the bigger

 

World
War 2 was fought from the year 1939 to the year 1945. The war was fought
between the Allied Forces and the Axis powers. the Allied Forces which
consisted The British, French, USSR, China and the US, (The US only joined the
war after the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese). The Axis powers
consisted of Nazi Germany, Italy and the Japanese Empire.  During the years of the war, there were many
great leaps in military technologies which took places such as the development of
the use of Radar, Artillery, tanks, mines, Etc. However, it was the development
of Fighters aircrafts which saw the most progress during the war. Many
historians claim that the its was Aircraft technology which helped the allied
forces win the war. When diving into these claims, one can say that it where
the American fighter aircrafts helped dominate the skies of Europe and the
Pacific. Although they were many aircraft’s that where built and used by the Americans during the war, aircrafts
such as the Curtiss P-40, Lockheed P-38 lightning, North American Aviation’s    P-51, B-25 Mitchell and
the Boeing  B-29 Supper- Fortress1,
made a dent in the Axis Sphere of control. Resulting in the Allied Victory.

 

 

 

 

 

Curtis P-40

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2   The P-40 was a single engine, single seat and
all metal fighter. The plane was made manufactured by the Curtis-Wright
Corporation in the year 1938. The P-40 was developed from its older Brother the
P-36 Hawk. 3The
aircraft was powered by the 1360hp Allison V-1710-81 inline piston engine. 4The
P-40 Could climb up to a height of 38,000 ft., had a speed of 360 mph and had a
range of 240 miles .  Although the
Aircraft was slower not very maneuverable than most fighters. However, this did
give the airplane when it came to range because of the bigger fuel tanks and
its ability to fight in close quarters due to its wing mounted guns, M2
Browning Machine Guns which could fire 235 rounds, which helped in bringing
down aircrafts such as the Bf 190 and Fw 190. The primary role of the P-40 was
bomber escort, fighter and close air support aircraft. The P-40 mainly served
in the south west pacific war, North Africa war. The P-40 was low cost
production hence it had advantage being still produced even when the war ended.
While other fighter aircrafts became obsolete. 5The
total number of P-40 built was around 1500.

 

Lockheed P-38 lightning

6The P-38 Was manufactured
by Lockheed, the first flight of the aircraft happened on 27th
January 1939. The aircraft was Lockheed first military aircraft to be made. 7The
Aircraft was powered by the Two 1475 hp Allison V-1710-111/113 V-12
piston engines which where super charged. Thus, letting the aircraft to have a
top speed of 414 mph and have a cruise altitude of 44,000 feet. 8The
P-38 had a gun which was 37 mm and 4 nose guns which were 12.7 mm.  The p-38 had a range of 2,600 miles. Pilots
who flew the aircraft stated that manuver-ability was on point and were happy
by it high altitude capability and it endurance. This lead the aircraft to be
used in long range escort missions, Recon mission, dive bombing and night
attacks. The P-38 was one of the fastest aircrafts in the war. 9The
P-38 was one of the most successful aircraft especially in the War in the Pacific
and Burma – India campaign
against the Japanese. However, it was through Army Major Richard I. Bong that helped
put the p-38 in the light. He was able score 40 aerial combat victories which
made him the highest scoring American ace in the war. The P-38 was the only
Aircraft to by in high production throughout the war. By the end of the war
over 10,037 p-38 were made. bomber for
the UN forces.

 

 

North American P-51 Mustang

 

10 The P-51 was made by North American Aviation, the
aircraft had its first flight on 26th October 1940. The P-51 was
powered by 11One
1,695-hp Packard Merlin V-1650-7 piston V-12 engine. This gave the machine a
top speed of 437 mph and could climb to height of 41,900 feet. When comparing
to the P-40 and P-38, the Mustang has an incredible range of 1300 miles. Although
the P-51 entered in the last stages of the war its saw most of its action in
the 12India/China/Burma
Theatre and the air raids over Germany during the final chapter of the war. The
P-51 was used mainly for escort mission, Reconnaissance and a fighter-bomber.
The Mustang was fitted with 6, 12.7mm M2 Browning Machine Guns.  Mustang Pilots have claimed to have taken
down a total of 4,950 enemy aircraft.  After World War 2 the P-51 became a standard
fighter for the Airforce and the Navy. The P-51 did see a lot of action in the
Korean war where it served as a specialised Fighter aircraft and after the
Korean war, the P-51 saw itself to be a racing aircraft due to its speed as was
in civilian racing. The total number of P-51 built were around 15,018.

 

North American B-25 Mitchell

13 The B-25 was produced by North
American Aviation, its first flight happed on August 19th 1940. This
was the same company that made the P-51 mustang.  14The
B-25 was powered by two 1,700-hp Wright R-2600-92 Cyclone radial piston
engines. This let the aircraft have a speed of 272 mph and let it climb to an
altitude of 24,00 feet. The aircraft had a range of 1,350 miles.  15The
B-25 was mounted with 75 mm cannon and a two gun turrets which was used in
anti-hipping missions. However the main purpose of the B-25 was used as a
bomber in the Pacific war, It had the ability to carry around 4,000 pounds of
bombs. It was the first US aircraft to fly over Japan and attack the targets.
They were even the heaviest aircraft during the war to take off from a ship at
sea. In Burma,
the B-25 was often used to attack Japanese communication links, especially
bridges in central Burma. It also helped supply the troops in Imphal, India, 1944.  By the end of the war it was most widely used
bomber by the allied forces. 16The B-25 was one the most durable Aircraft and was
given the nickname “Patches”. After the war the B-25 was used as a training aircraft
between 1951 and 1957. The total number of B-25 built were around 9,816.

 

 Boeing B-29
Supper fortress

 

17  The
B-29 was made by Boeing, It had its first flight on 21st September
1942. 18The
Four
2,200-hp Wright R-3350-23-23A/-41 Cyclone 18 turbocharged radial. This allowed
the aircraft to have a top speed of 358 mph and could climb to an altitude of
31,850 feet. The range of the B-29 was 5,592 miles  19The
aircraft was armed with two 12.7-mm machine guns in each of remote-controlled
turrets, plus three 12.7-mm (0.5-inch) machine guns. The B-29 was designed as a
heavy bomber, the B-29 saw most of the action in the war in the Pacific and not
Europe. This was due the delay production delayed caused by Boeing.  The   B-29 came into the light when it was used to
drop the atomic bomb was dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Over the course of the war, B-29s flew 20,000
sorties and dropped 200,000 tons of 
bombs. The B-29 was used in 1950–53 in the Korean War. the bomber was used in normal
strategic day-bombing missions.  The
total number of B-29 bombers built was 3,970.

 

 

Statistic Page for the
Fighter aircrafts.

Type of Fighter

20P- 38

21P- 40

22P-51

Engine

Two 1475 hp Allison
V-1710-111/113     V-12 piston engine.

1360hp Allison V-1710-81 inline
piston engine.

1,695-hp
Packard Merlin V-1650-7 piston V-12 engine.

Airspeed ( MPH )

414

360

437

Max Altitude ( Ft.)

44,000

38,000

41,900

Range ( miles)

240

2,300

1,300

Number of units built

10,037

1,500

15,018

Statistic Page for the Bombers aircrafts

Type
of Fighter

23B-25

24B-29

Engine

Two 1,700-hp Wright R-2600-92 Cyclone radial
piston engines.

Four 2,200-hp Wright R-3350-23-23A/-41 Cyclone 18
turbocharged radial engines.

Airspeed
( MPH )

272

358

Max
Altitude ( Ft.)

24,000

31,850

Range
( miles)

5,592

1,350

Number
of units built .

9,816

3,970

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conclusion

 

To conclude it can be well understood that if not for
these American built aircraft, the allied force would have had a harder battle
to fight when it came against the Axis powers aircrafts. Another point that can
be made without these aircrafts, there would have not been growth in aircraft
technology and let them help shape the modern fighter which allow countries to
keep peace and stable security. These aircrafts showed that the aircrafts can
be used for sports such as stunt flying and air-racing. The final point I would
personally like shape is that without these aircraft Companies such as Boeing
or Lockheed would have not made commercial aircrafts which could carry people half
way across the world without stopping for fuel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

http://www.world-war-2-planes.com/american-world-war-2-planes.html

1 http://www.world-war-2-planes.com/american-world-war-2-planes.html

 

2
http://www.warbirdalley.com/p40.htm

3
http://www.warbirdalley.com/p40.htm

4
http://www.warbirdalley.com/p40.htm

5 http://www.warbirdalley.com/p40.htm

 

6

VQ P-38 Lightning 83″ ARF .46 EP/GP OLIVE

7
http://www.warbirdalley.com/p38.htm

8
http://www.warbirdalley.com/p38.htm

9
http://www.warbirdalley.com/p38.htm

10 http://www.mustangsmustangs.net/p-51/variants/p51d

11 http://www.warbirdalley.com/p51.htm

12 http://www.mustangsmustangs.net/p-51/variants/p51a

 

13 http://www.collingsfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/B25-3.jpg

14 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b25.htm

15 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b25.htm

16 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b25.htm

17 http://d2rormqr1qwzpz.cloudfront.net/photos/2016/01/27/85148-rininger_1.jpg

18  http://www.warbirdalley.com/b29.htm

19 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b29.htm

 

20 http://www.warbirdalley.com/p38.htm

21 http://www.warbirdalley.com/p40.htm

22 http://www.warbirdalley.com/p51.htm

23 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b25.htm

24 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b29.htm