The and enhance its ability to conduct information operations;

The Marine Corps Operating
Concept (MOC) was spurred by a critical self-assessment that revealed the
Marine Corps is not organized, trained, equipped, or postured to meet the
demands of the rapidly evolving future operating environment (Neller, 2017).
This conclusion was based on an examination of the current and future impacts
of complex terrain, technology proliferation, information warfare, the battle
of electro-magnetic signatures, and an increasingly non-permissive maritime
domain on the Marine Corps (Neller, 2017). 

 

     Using this
concept as a guide, the Marine Corps is currently in the midst of determining
what the Marine Corps of 2025 should look like in terms of organization and
capability (Flynn, 2017).  In addition to retaining the ability to conduct
integrated fire and maneuver across the ROMO, the Marine Corps will need to add
and enhance its ability to conduct information operations; cyber operations;
electronic warfare; military deception; and intelligence, surveillance, and
reconnaissance operations within the force structure levels provided by the
Congress (Flynn, 2017).  Furthermore, General Neller stated that in preparation for “that” future
enemy and future fight, the concept calls for a MAGTF optimized to execute
maneuver warfare through a combined arms approach that embraces information
warfare as indispensable for achieving complementary effects across five domains
– air, land, sea, space, and cyberspace. 
In other words, the MOC states that the Marine Corps should shift more
toward to what Rudyard Kipling called “the savage wars of peace.” Calling
for a break in the focus on combined arms maneuver of mechanized forces that
had predominated since the Vietnam War and provides guidance for the
preparation of what it believes will be the most likely form of combat –
irregular warfare (McCarthy III, 2013).

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To adequately meet Gen. Neller’s vision, the MOC lays out five following
critical tasks for the Marine Corps to address to be successful in the future
fight (Eckstein, 2016):

First, the Marine Corps and Navy must integrate the naval force to
fight at and from the sea, which includes integrating command and control
structures and finding a role for the MAGTF in the Navy’s sea control and power
projection missions. Next, the service must evolve the MAGTF, maintaining its powerful
Marine Expeditionary Force construct but also setting up smaller units for
success in distributed operations. Third, the Marine Corps must master network-hardening and
signature emissions management, with mission success and Marine safety on the
line in an information and electromagnetic spectrum warfare environment. Next, the service must enhance its ability to maneuver small and
large forces, infantry and support forces, through all manner of terrains, and
with the logistics in place to sustain those operations. And lastly, the MOC recommends a closer look at the individual
Marine – seeking high-quality recruits, investing in training and education to
support the MOC’s goals, developing quality leaders at all echelons, and
re-prioritizing cultural and language education. ANALYSIS:  

      The MOC states “The 21st century
MAGTF conducts maneuver warfare in the physical and cognitive dimensions of
conflict to generate and exploit psychological, technological, temporal, and
spatial advantages over the adversary” (Filipoff, 2016).  It also emphasizes that the Marine Corps needs
to continuously make every effort to be at once Naval, expeditionary, agile,
and lethal. All four characteristics are essential, particularly in the context
of the 21st century (Cuomo, Cummings, Garard & Spataro,
2017).

 

      The
21st century MAGTF should be prepared to conducts maneuver
warfare in the physical and cognitive dimensions of conflict to generate and
exploit psychological, technological, temporal,
and spatial advantages over the adversary. The 21st century
MAGTF should also be prepared to execute maneuver warfare through a combined
arms approach that embraces information warfare as indispensable for achieving
complementary effects across six five domains – land, sea, air, space, and
cyberspace — with the addition of the electromagnetic
spectrum.

   

     General Neller stated that, “Marines must
wage “four-block war (in) six domains,”  a
reference to the 31st Commandant of the Marine Corps, General Charles Commandant Krulak’s “three-block war”
in which humanitarian relief, peacekeeping, and open violence occur
simultaneously just streets apart, with the 21st century addition of
information as the fourth, virtual block (Freedberg Jr., 2016)

 

     Implementing the MOC will not only require
acquisition of new systems for the warfighter, but revised training and
education for Marines, as well as exercises and wargames that reflect the
challenges highlighted in the MOC. Additional challenges with the MOC will be applying
traditional Marine Corps principles in new ways with new tools ((Freedberg Jr.,
2016)

In an
interview regarding Mini-Drones and the MOCc, Deputy Commandant for Combat
Development and Integration (CD&I), Lt. Gen. Robert Walsh stated said, ”
Technology is just a means to an end: “It allows us to operate in our normal
traditional constructs of maneuver and combined arms, in a 21st century way
that we weren’t able to do before.”