On election of the President by vote in Congress

On
the other hand, there are also a few advantages coming from this system. For
example, it encourages political stability. The U.S. focuses on a two-party
system because of the structure in the Electoral College. This means most elected
candidates will either be Republican or Democrat. Although third party
candidates would consider this a disadvantage, it keeps the election simple. The
Electoral College also promotes checks and balances. This prevents one person
from having too much power.

However,
questions arise as to whether or not this is the best and most efficient method
of electing our president. There are some possibilities what the popular vote
and the electoral vote could conflict and the candidate whom more people desire
as president would lose out to a person who won more electoral college votes,
but less popular votes. Swing states are those states that don’t have a
favorite party and switch from Republican to Democrat often. These states are
the ones that obtain the majority of attention because candidates are trying to
get more votes from those states. Another disadvantage about the Electoral
College is that voters feel like their vote won’t make a difference and aren’t motivated
enough to vote. The popular vote is a simple majority, but the Electoral
College consists of rearranging votes every 10 years because of the change in
population.

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Today,
each state has a number of electors equal to the number of its U.S. senators plus
the number of its representatives. Since California is the largest state it has
the most representatives which are 53 plus 2 senators equal to fifty-five
electors. In total, the Electoral College includes 538 electors as allowed by
the 23rd amendment. Each political party has an equal number of
electors. There are 538 electors for the Republicans and another 538 for Democrats.
In order to win presidency, it is required to receive at least 270 electoral
votes. If there is no majority, then the election goes into the House of
Representatives where each state is given one vote and they vote on the top
three candidates. Some states have a long history of voting for a particular
party known as safe states. For example, Democrats could count on states such
as Maryland, Oregon, Michigan and Massachusetts. On the other hand, Republicans
could count on states like Mississippi, Alabama, Kansas and Idaho.

In
1787, the founding fathers were trying to find a way to ease the process to
electing a president. The framers of the Constitution then created the system
called Electoral College. The founding fathers established it in the Constitution
as a compromise between election of the President by vote in Congress and
election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens. They believed
that citizens wouldn’t have sufficient information on the presidential
candidates. They were afraid of direct election to the presidency because they
feared someone could manipulate public opinion and come to power. They believed
that with the Electoral College no one would be able to manipulate the results.

In
the United States, everyone has an equal voice in electing the people that
serve in the government. Our President is chosen through the Electoral College,
which is a group of people appointed by their parties to choose our president. Each
of the states receive a certain number of electors, which is determined by the
total number of senators and representatives. In other words, each state has to
have at least three electors. Each state has the right to decide how to select
these electors. Many use the general ticket systems and others use the district
system.