For in history, and it also brought many advances

For a long time,
humans have been making scientific and technological inventions and discoveries
that changed ways of living. Some of these inventions have been made in the 19th
and 20th centuries. Their objectives were mostly to make lives
easier, and help people fulfil their needs. However, most of these inventions
have not been used the way they were supposed to. Many of these inventions were
made during World War I and World War II, mostly to help reinforce the armies.

The First World
War took place from 1914 to 1918. It was a very dark period in history, and it
also brought many advances in chemistry and technology that made it even more
tragic. In 1914, because massed rifle fire was being reinforced with machine
guns, before attackers could get to the other side of no-man’s-land, they were “thrown
down by the thousands”. However, a solution was presented, but as an
automobile. In 1915, the first tank (British Mark I) was designed, and was
first used in September 1916. The Renault FT, designed by the French,
established the classic tank look. Tanks were heavily-armoured vehicles powered
by an internal combustion engine burning gas that could advance against small
arms fire. The conditions for the tank crews were far from being flawless, given
that the heat generated inside the tank was immense and the fumes sometimes almost
choked the men inside the tank.

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The first design
for a modern flamethrower was given to the German army by Richard Fiedler in
1901, and it was tested by the Germans in 1911. Its potential was only known
during the trench warfare. Unlike grenades, flamethrowers could “burn alive”
enemy soldiers without causing damage. The flamethrower was first used by German
troops near Verdun in February 1915. Its objective is to spread fire by
launching burning fuel. During World War I, the “24, 6-trinitrotoluene” was being
used as an explosive, which created the TNT. It offered greater stability than
other explosives of the period, and proved to be safe to handle. However, TNT
caused several cases of TNT poisoning in munitions worker, causing a TNT
factory explosion to “rock London’s east end” in 1917.

The Second World
War occurred from 1939 to 1945. It had a deep effect on our current lives’ technologies.
Many inventions and scientific advances have been made during the war, the
advances in rocketry originated by Germany included. The V-1, called “buzz
bomb”, was an automatic aircraft, and the V-2 was a “ballistic missile” that flew
into space before falling on its target; both of them were “thrown” on London
during 1944-1945, which killed thousands of civilians.

The whole
technology of radar, which is the ability to use radio waves to detect objects
at a distance, was hardly invented at the beginning of the war. They have allowed
nations to track incoming air attacks, guided the bombers to their targets and directed
anti-aircraft guns toward the airplanes. The massive research and development requirements
of the war included developing an atomic bomb. It was the deepest military
development of the war, and had a great impact on the scientific community. It
was used on December 7th 1941 by japan against the United States,
and in August 1945, two atomic bombs were employed by the United States against
the Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which ended the war (in September
1945).

 

Sources:

http://mentalfloss.com/article/31882/12-technological-advancements-world-war-i

http://www.popularmechanics.com/military/research/g1577/7-surprising-scientific-advances-that-came-out-of-world-war-i/

http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/flamethrowers.htm

http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/tanks.htm

http://www.lateralmag.com/articles/issue-1/how-wwi-drove-development-in-science-and-technology

http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-worldwar/6002

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology_during_World_War_II#Aircraft

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