Firstly, Secondly, the first US hostilities with the MENA

Firstly, in order to start talking about the USA’s strategy and doctrines
towards the Middle East its better to start from the point from where the term
“Middle East” came itself. This term slipped 
into common use after the Second World War replacing more limited
definitions such as the “Near East” but interpretations over its extension  have varied over time. Today it is commonly
understood to include the Arab states of West Asia and North Africa,and the
non-Arab states of Iran ,Israel, and Turkey. The United States today dominates
the Middle East to an unprecedented extent. In a region historically penetrated
by  competing Western powers, there are
no longer any serious challengers to US hegemony. Yet, paradoxically, US
policymakers see the Middle East as posing an extraordinary threat to national
security. This is because they believe it to be a breeding ground for terrorist
movements that are antagonistic to the 
US and able to strike violently against the US homeland, as well as US
interests overseas.

There was a time-very different from the present period-when the United
States was popular and respected throughout the Middle East. That benevolent
image started to dissipate after the 2 WW, when the US, as an emergent great
power, became directly involved in a region that was itself undergoing great
internal upheavals. Washington’s concern 
about the Soviet Union, access to oil, and the project for a Jewish
state in Palestine –concerns that clash with the rising nationalism in the
region-eroded the earlier positive image.

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Secondly, the first US hostilities with the MENA started with the
relations revolved mainly around trade and missionary activity. In the late 19th
and 20th centuries, as France, Britain and Russia tried to establish
an imperial leadership  in North Africa,
Egypt, the Levant, Iran, and the periphery of the Arabian Peninsula, US by
contrast avoided a colonial role in the Middle East by making a kind of cunning
trick. Indeed, in the aftermath of the 1WW the watershed events in which the  European 
countries replaced Ottoman 
Turkish administration in much of the Arab world, therefore, the Arabs
indicated that it would  be better if
they are governed by the USA rather  than
by Britain or France. From here Americans were seen to be good people, in comparison
with duplicity associated with the Europeans. As nationalist and religious
movements reorganized to roll back European imperialism in the 1920th
and 1930th, they spared the US from their anger, but then the 2WW
marked  ‘the great divide’ in US
relations with the Middle East. Three issues drove the US’s new great power
policies in the Middle East:communism (during the Soviet Union period),oil and