Economical between urbanization and crime rates for Pakistan over

Economical

Criminology has the long history but research on the
relationship between crimes and economics remains limited because of some
systematic doubt among many economists on the response of crimes rate to
economy (Ishikawa, 2009). Pakistan’s current economic situation is such that
even though it is now on the upper side of being a $300 billion economy and,
yet resources are still inadequately distributed and with a significant bias in
the prospects for a poor family to grow than it is for a upper class family to
increase its own wealth (with a certain number of them using less than legal
means to achieve this). Unemployment and limited availability of educational
institutions for lower class individuals is also a reason why distraught by the
injustice of it all, many juveniles tend to resort to crime or establishing
contacts with the Mafia syndicate for more ordered crime. Iqbal & Jalil
(2010) developed the relationship between urbanization and crime rates for
Pakistan over the period 1964-2008 and according to them an economic depression
was most likely to see a rise in crime while economic prosperity would
significantly decrease criminal activity. GDP per capita is an essential
statistic when comparing with other countries of how income affects the motives
of an average individual.

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Political

Politics has been anything but uncontroversial as a topic in
Pakistan. Media channels portray different politicians in different lights and
viewers of all classes will be glued to their screens looking for an opinion
that confirms something at all but can only make little sense out of it
(especially the lower class). However, one fact everyone seems to grasp is that
having ties to politicians gives you a measure of immunity from law enforcement
and thus many corrupt politicians directly or indirectly are incentives for
small time criminals to continue felonry. In the near past, It has been found
that many political parties have their militant wings, which perpetrates crime
to fund the party. To sum it up political disorder means it becomes very hard
to keep track of criminals using that leverage with police authorities.

Social

As discussed in the economic reasons, crime-sympathetic
individuals normally come from backgrounds of little to no opportunities in
terms of education, employment and parental guidance. There are multiple
studies that show a negative relationship between higher education and crime
since through better education an individual may, not just earn better reducing
the need for crime but also weigh the opportunity cost of the time spent in
criminal activities. Higher education confirms the job opportunities in the legal
sector of economy. The only issue with Pakistan is that education is not
readily a notion everyone appreciates because of reduced awareness in society.
Working lower class families that have work hours ranging from 10-12 hours a
day don’t see the need to educate their children beyond a certain point and
thus creating a circle of labor.

Psychological

Although
slightly inter-related with social concerns, this perspective on criminal
behavior explains a little in depth on why environmental factors or pre-existing
mental health problems might lead to a life in crime. To understand why a
person resorts to criminal behavior or rather behavior that is prohibited by
law we need to understand why a person commits delinquency or behavior
contradictory to social norms. The answer is a lack of awareness and no rules
and regulations. Lack of guardian individuals to oversee your behavior from a
tender age (which according to statistics happens in every slum of Karachi)
lead to the person growing up conceited and open to more risk factors like
antisocial behavior, low IQ etc. normalizing even criminal acts by the time
that age has passed. For example, a low social status in general is very
frustrating for most individuals with limited vision (low IQ or uneducated) to
find a way to bridge the gap which is quite substantial in Pakistan. They would
rather prefer to do that the easy way by targeting affluent areas for organized
or unorganized theft or mugging